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This article is accurate for the latest versions of EU3, Napoleon’s Ambition, In Nomine, Heir to the Throne and Divine Wind.

The Netherlands
At 1 January 1559
Basic Stats
Government type Feudal Monarchy
Technology group Western
Capital province Amsterdam
Center of Trade Antwerpen
State religion Catholic
Primary culture Dutch


Centralization <▪▪▪▪♦▫▪▪▪▪▪>
slightly centralized

Aristocracy <▪▪▪▪♦▫▪▪▪▪▪>
slightly aristocratic

Serfdom <▪▪▪▪▪▫▪♦▪▪▪>
somewhat free subjects
Free Subject

Innovative <▪▪▪♦▪▫▪▪▪▪▪>
somewhat innovative

Mercantilism <▪▪▪▪▪▫▪▪▪♦▪>
much free trade
Free Trade

Offensive <▪▪▪▪▪▫♦▪▪▪▪>
slightly defensive

Land <▪▪▪▪▪▫▪♦▪▪▪>
somewhat naval oriented

Quality <▪▪▪♦▪▫▪▪▪▪▪>
somewhat quality oriented

The Netherlands is a nation in northern Europe, historically formed in 1559, it can be formed much earlier by a player.

Initial steps

The Netherlands are not available at the start of the Grand Campaign and can be played from two starts. Either by completing the Form Dutch Nation decision or by selecting the formed nation later in the timeline.

Early formation

If The Netherlands are formed early then the challenges remain the same as for Holland or the other Dutch minors, controlling a European presence and expanding to form colonies. Dutch missions will guide the expansion and diplomacy of The Netherlands and will shape the game from there.

Starting in 1559

The Netherlands begins with a numerical disadvantage compared to Spain, but has 2 armies while the Spanish have only one. One of them can be used to besiege Spanish provinces and the other to recapture whatever the Spanish may take. The player must ensure that Spanish transports do not reach his territory, or he will be forced to fight a larger army. After a significant amount of time has elapsed, peace can be made.

Late formation

Later formations involve more work in making the Dutch Empire behave, disparate colonies will need connecting, pirates will need pacifying and infrastructure will need developing. Dealing with a resurgent France and Austria will be the main challenge, in addition care will be needed with the Holy Roman Empire.


The Netherlands generally has a strong navy and weaker army, in war with other nations use the navy to blockade their ports and drive up War Exhaustion. This will increase revolt risk and soon fighting rebels will drain the opponents manpower allowing an easier conquest. Against other large naval nations, ensure that unfinished colonies are protected of that they have no ability to project force at such a distance. Your land based threats are likely to be France or whoever controls the French region or commands the Holy Roman Empire.


Main article: Holland

The easiest way to form The Netherlands is from Holland. The most effective strategy will be the same strategy as used for Holland.

See also


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